What is Vitiligo/Hypopigmentation?
Vitiligo, a condition in which white or non-pigmented patches of skin appear on the body, affects people of all skin types. It can be more obvious in people with darker skin tones. The hypopigmented patches can appear anywhere on the body, and can also affect the hair, inside the mouth, and even the eyes. Melanin is what determines the pigment in hair skin and eyes. When the cells that produce the melanin die or stop functioning properly, you are left with patches of non pigmented skin in the affected area.
What causes Vitiligo/Hypopigmentation?
While doctors aren’t certain what causes the disease, they believe it could be linked to family history, an immune disorder that causes the cells to stop functioning properly, or a trigger event like a sunburn, stress, or exposure to industrial chemicals. While the condition is not life threatening or contagious, it can be very stressful to manage, and often causes people to be very self conscious or feel bad about themselves. Vitiligo can start at any age, but typically appears before age 20.
How can I treat Vitiligo/Hypopigmentation?
It is very difficult to predict the rate at which vitiligo will progress. Sometimes the disease will stop progressing on its own, but treatment can help stop or slow down the discoloring process. The skin rarely gets its color back, but sometimes treatments can help restore pigment to the affected areas. Light therapies are a common treatment for vitiligo, which cause gradual darkening of the vitiligo spots over time resulting in an overall blending of skin tone. Cosmetics ca also be used to add lost color to the affected areas and can be very effective in temporarily evening the skin tone. Topical medication can be prescribed for certain patients to repigment the skin.