What are warts?
Warts can be caused by various strains by HPV (human papillomavirus). Some of the common types of warts include common warts, flat warts, plantar warts, periungal warts, filiform warts, and genital warts. Sometimes the warts may disappear on their own, but most often warts may need treatment to resolve.
What causes warts?
Warts are a result of an infection in the top layer of skin that can be caused by viruses, as aforementioned in the HPV family. When the skin is invaded by the virus, the cells can rapidly grow, creating the wart. You can get warts from skin to skin contact with people that have them, especially if you have any breaks in your skin. People with strong immune systems may not necessarily get warts when they come in to contact with the virus, but they can be easily spread. Those with weakened immune systems are at most risk for developing warts.
How can I treat warts?
Topical therapies such as retinoids and imiquimod can be used to treat warts. Liquid nitrogen, light and laser therapy, shave excision, and intralesional bleomycin can all be used to destroy skin affected by the wart virus.