Squamous cell carcinoma is a common, uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells that can often resemble scaly, red patches, open sores, or growths. This type of skin cancer can be found on all areas of the body, but it is commonly found in sun exposed areas. It is the second most common skin cancer worldwide.
According to the American Academy of Dermatology, about 700,000 new cases of squamous cell carcinoma are diagnosed in the United States every year.
Squamous cell carcinoma is caused by the accumulation of sun damage over the course of one’s lifetime. Limiting sun exposure, applying sunblock when exposed, avoiding tanning beds, and wearing protective hats and UV protective clothing can help reduce the common risk factors.
Those with lighter skin types are at a higher risk of developing this type of skin cancer. Some other risk factors include: ultraviolet (UV) exposure, cigarette smoking, chemical exposure, freckling, red hair, and immunosuppression.
It is also important to get a total body skin exam once a year to analyze if there are any new growths or changes on the skin.
Squamous cell carcinoma can be treated in a variety of ways. Treatment depends upon the tumor’s size, depth, and where it is located on the body. Below are some of the ways this type of skin cancer may be treated:
● Mohs Micrographic Surgery
● Excisional Surgery
● Curettage and electrosurgery
● Topical therapy
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